Companion planting in gardening and agricultural activities is referred to as the cultivation of different crops in proximity. Companion planting is beneficial for various reasons such as pollination, control of insect pests, habitat provision for beneficial insects, maximized use of space, and an overall increase in farm productivity.
Companion planting is practiced in developing, industrialized countries, and gardeners can grow companion veggies, herbs, and exotic crops. It is a significantly beneficial way to keep soil healthy and to repel insects. Food grown by the companion planting tastes much better due to good soil fertility, reduced diseases, and insect pest attack.
Benefits of Companion Planting
Companion planting is practically helpful to save space. It supports exceptional biodiversity that helps keep soil fertility, ecosystem functioning, and the physical, chemical, and biological health of the soil. The fallen leaves and decaying roots add good organic matter to the ground that provides nutrients for growing plants and improves soil structure. Good biodiversity is also helpful to attract beneficial insects and to reduce pest populations in the gardens.
Companion planting is a traditional and historical art of planting to get healthy and maximized crop production. Many plants can be planted in the nearby areas as they do not affect other plant's growth. However, some plants can negatively influence the nearby growing plants, so there should be a careful selection of plants for companion planting.
This planting method is practically helpful to improve plant growth and production potential and is also known as God's natural way to grow plants. Some vegetables, herbs, and flowers are right for each other and soil, and their cultivation can promote the health and production of nearby plants. Some important companion plants for this purpose are listed below.
Asparagus It is a perennial plant and is a perfect option for companion planting. It can be grown with tomatoes and parsley; however, its cultivation with other plants should be avoided to reduce any side effects on growing plants and soil health.
It is an architectural plant and provides the right shade to the vegetable plots. This plant is not delicate and sensitive, so that it can be grown beans, carrots, and tomatoes.
Beetroot does not require much space for growth, so it is an ideal crop for companion planting. It can be grown along with passion fruits, brassicas, onions, lettuce, cabbage, beans, and broccoli.
These are a beautiful and nutritionally rich food source and is equally popular among people belonging to all age groups. This can be quickly grown with alliums, tomatoes, onions, and leeks.
- Brussel Sprouts
These can be grown along with clover, malting barley, thyme, and sage.
It is one of the most commonly used tender vegetables and can be grown along with passion fruit, cauliflowers, tomatoes, and cabbage.
It can be grown along with cucumber, potatoes, peas, celery, and lettuce.
- Spinach and Swiss Chard
Both swiss chard and spinach are an excellent addition to all types of gardens as their green leaves are being used in various salads. These can be grown along with brassicas, cauliflower, and passion fruits.
THE WIDE RANGE OF CHOICE
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