Container gardening is a sustainable and efficient way of safe and healthy food production in space-limited conditions. The patio, balcony, windowsill, and doorsteps provide enough food production in the mini gardens. Moreover, container gardens help protect growing plants from harsh climatic conditions, poor soil conditions, nematodes, and soil-borne diseases.
Selection of Plants for Container Gardening
Typically, all kinds of vegetables, flowers, and plants can be grown in the containers and pots provided by optimal growing conditions. Some vegetables such as parsley, radishes, squash, lettuce, beans, onions, eggplants, peppers, and plants are ideal for container gardening. Cucumber and pole beans can also be grown in containers and pots, but they need more space and deep boxes.
Miniature and dwarf varieties of vegetables can be quickly grown in space-limited conditions. Furthermore, vine crops are hanged in the baskets and larger pots and are vertically trained on trellis, railings, and stakes. The choice of growing crops for container gardening is also dependent on sunlight requirements. Some leafy and root crops such as mustard greens, cabbage, lettuce, turnips, and beets can quickly grow in the presence of light shades. While vegetables grown for fruits such as chili, green beans, and tomatoes needs at least 5-6 hours of sunlight for average growth and metabolic activities.
Selection of Containers
Ideally, all kinds of containers and pots are useful for container gardening, including wooden boxes, plastic tubs, gallon cans, metal drums, bushel baskets, and broken kitchen pots. Usually, herbs, parsley, and green onions need 10 inches deep pots for profitable growth. Plants having a more extensive rooting system such as eggplants, peppers, and tomatoes can grow well in the 5 gallons containers.
Adequate drainage must be ensured in all kinds of containers to support profitable growth. Gardeners can drill small holes of about 1-2cm size for good drainage in the pot saucer. Gardeners can directly sow the seeds of vegetables and flowers in the containers or can even transplant seedlings. However, they should select only healthy and contaminant-free soil for container gardening; otherwise, there may be direct negative influences on plant growth and development.
The use of sterile potting mix and good quality compost is also recommended to protect plants from insect pests’ attacks and soil-borne diseases. Use of topsoil and clayey soil is never an option for container gardening as these are heavy soils and offer poor drainage.
Watering and Fertilizers Application
Container gardening requires regular water and nutrients, and all the growing plants should be regularly irrigated and fertilized according to their growing stages. Fertilizers can also be mixed and applied along with irrigation water, but a calculated amount of dry fertilizer can also be sprinkled on the surface soil. The use of organic materials such as compost, peat, and mature animal manure is also recommended, but all of these should be free from contaminants, weed seeds, eggs and larvae of insects, and pathogens.
Happy Valley Seeds are selling high-quality vegetable, herb, and flower seeds for container gardening at reasonable and affordable prices. These varieties thrive well in Australian climatic conditions, and gardeners can enjoy contaminant-free and healthy food products at home. Our products include different types of lettuce, beetroot, carrots, radish, bok choy baby, zucchini, bok choy, pak choi, tomatoes, and sugar beet. We are highly motivated to develop ongoing and healthy relationships with our customers based on quality products, excellent customer service, and trust.