Once you taste your homegrown organic fresh peas, you are unlikely to be pleased with peas from supermarkets, ever! Fortunately, you can cultivate these peas quickly in any garden, in the ground, or the pot. The only thing to grow successful peas is to sow them at the right spot at the right time.
Peas are the powerhouse of nutrition like vitamins A, B, C, and K, and minerals, fiber, and antioxidants. They are also a whole vegetable protein source that makes them flavorful, tasty, and a meat-free vegan option.
Types of Peas
There are many varieties of peas you can grow in your garden. Usually, we think all peas are shelling peas, but in reality, it is not. There is a type of peas called snow peas, which is well-known in Asian cuisine. There are also crispy peas called the snap peas. Some well-known types of peas are,
- Shelling Peas: These types of peas are also known as English peas. These peas have tiny round peas inside its pod. Shelling peas have a waxy-looking sheen it constructs when the pods become chubby such as Telephone or Alderman, Novella Leafless, Purple Podded, etc.
- Snap Peas: This has an edible pod, and these are ready to be harvested whenever the plum comes up. Snap peas are best in stews and soups. Such as Bon, Cascadia, Climbing, etc.
- Snow Peas: These peas are tender palatable-podded peas that are good to harvest when it is 5-7cm long, and the pod is growing the plum, such as Oregon Sugar Pod, Yukamo Giant, etc.
- Soup Peas: Soup peas are also called split peas. These peas can be usable after drying them out. Soup peas can contain air closed when its pod is dried and turned a tan color, such as Darlaine, Asparagus Pea, etc.
When to Plant Peas
Peas are the winter season crop, and they can be sown from autumn to spring, depending on your climate zone. Different parts of Australia have a different climate zone.
- The cool zones that have sowing period in autumn, winter, and spring.
- The arid zones sowing period is autumn and winter.
- The Warm & Temperate Frost Free zones of sowing period is from autumn to winter.
- The Subtropical zone has sowing period in autumn and winter (dry season).
In addition to the above sowing period requirements, you would need to keep in mind the following:
- Pea seeds need low-temperature soils (under 20 degrees C); that is why they mostly plant in autumn. But germination rate is delayed when frosts start and the ground gets cold. That is why in winter zones, sowing seeds often fail because of over water and rots.
- Frost can harm young plants, flowers, and seeds.
- Hot weather can damage seeds, promote stress, and powdery mildew in crops. The pod development gets lower because of the warm temperature.
- Tropical regions are not the right place to grow peas because these regions are too hot and humid. Even in some subtropical areas harvesting peas can be tricky.
How to Grow Peas in A Garden?
- Pick a sunny location in your backyard, and the soil should be well-prepared. Avoid using wet soil or soils that hold water. Sandy quick-draining soils are better to cultivate peas. Never plant peas in the same place more than once.
- Loosen the soil in the depth of approximately 30cm and fertilize the soil with compost tea or composted manure soil right before sowing. It will provide proper nutrients and prevent moisture loss.
- To increase nitrogen fixation and production, make the seeds prepare with inoculant before sowing in the garden.
- Moist the soil and sow seeds about 25cm deep. Avoid adding water before seedlings come out. Plant the seeds 5-8cm apart
- Once the seedlings come out, nourish them weekly with vegetable and herb liquid plant food—mulch all over the base of your plant with organic sugar cane or pea straw to maintain moisture.
- Climbing peas like snow peas and sugar snap will require a supporting lattice to climb when they start growing.
- Harvest the crops when pleas are plump. You can collect peas every two to three days. These will help you to cultivate more peas. You can spread peas in a row every 4 to 5 weeks to grow more peas.
How to grow peas in A Pot?
Snow peas are best for growing in containers. Tips on how to grow peas in a pot are,
- Select a pot with 600mm width and 300mm depth and keep it in a full sunlit area.
- Top up the pot with a good quality mixture such as potting mix with a dynamic lifter and water them to keep the moist.
- Plant the seeds at least 25mm deeper
- When the seedlings pop up, nourish it with liquid plant food.
- Install trellis for the plants to support
- Collect the peas when they are plump.
Insects and Disease Problems
The right way to keep your plant away from diseases is to choose the right type of pea to resist the pest and conditions in your area. Also, plant the peas in a separate area each year to minimize the possibility of spreading diseases.
Fungal diseases like mildew and fusarium are common diseases that occur if there is any poor air circulation around plants. Keep the plants dry and increase airflow around the plant to keep them secure. Beware of those worms, snails, and slugs; they may destroy your pea plant.
The aphid can spread the mosaic virus and pea-enation virus that can damage leaves, brittle, and stunted plants. That is why you cannot produce enough peas, which will reduce the size of the production.